Hot Keywords
Abdominal wall reconstruction Dermal fillers Facial rejuvenation Abdominoplasty Blepharoplasty Body contouring Flap Breast surgery Fat grafting Cleft lip Hair transplantation Hand surgery Materials Microsurgery Neck rejuvenation Reconstructive surgery Wound healing Peripheral nerve repair Limb preservation

Topic: Complications after Facial Plastic Injection

A special issue of Plastic and Aesthetic Research

ISSN 2349-6150 (Online), ISSN 2347-9264 (Print)

Submission deadline: 28 Feb 2022

Guest Editor(s)

  • Dr. Xiaoming Sun
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

    Website | E-mail

  • Dr. Lu Zhang
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

    Website | E-mail

Special Issue Introduction

With the development of the cosmetic surgery market, facial plastic injections including fillers and botulinum toxin have increased dramatically in recent years because of their quick, predictable, and lasting results in the treatment of facial wrinkles and rejuvenation in comparison with surgery. Unfortunately, although facial plastic injections have a very favorable safety profile, complications associated with facial plastic injections have also been reported.

Some of these complications are related to the injection technique, while others are related to the injectant itself. Whatever the complications, it will bring different degrees of pain to the patients. Minimal and self-limited complications are relatively common, including erythema, ecchymosis, and edema. Self-limited but requiring follow-up complications include overcorrection, irregularities, filler visibility, Tyndall effect, and granuloma formation. Unfortunately, serious complications also have been reported, such as visual impairment, respiratory depression, hemiplegia, skin necrosis, anaphylaxis, and even death.

While the advantages of facial plastic injection are too commercially advertised, the complications get less attention. As reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), serious adverse reactions to fillers have tripled in 2008 to 2011 compared with 2005 to 2007. However, the study of complications has not received enough attention. As a result, physicians and surgeons, especially junior surgeons, lack the knowledge of complications and how to deal with serious complications in a timely manner.

This monograph is expected to provide some references for plastic surgeons, improve the operation specifications and complication management principles of facial injection, and gradually form a standard to guide the treatment to minimize the risks and complications of facial injection. We have focused on various complications and their standardized management after facial plastic injection in the following pages. We believe that standardized operation and effective treatment after the occurrence of complications can minimize the surgical risk of injection and the harm of complications.

Submission Deadline

28 Feb 2022

Submission Information

For Author Instructions, please refer to
For Online Submission, please login at
Submission Deadline: 28 Feb 2022
Contacts: Celine Zhang, Assistant Editor,

Published Articles

This special issue is now open for submission.
© 2016-2022 OAE Publishing Inc., except certain content provided by third parties