- Dr. Florencio Monje Gil
- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Badajoz, Badajoz, Spain.
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Special Issue Introduction
The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is a complicated, exciting, oftentimes unpredictable and even, somehow, mysterious joint. In the field of dentistry and surgery, it has generated, generates and will generate a large number of controversial opinions. Curiously, the absolute indications for surgery in relation to TMJ are directed to infrequent pathologies such as tumors, growth pathologies and ankylosis. In fact, my previous books focused on general TMJ surgical pathology. However, there is a pathology that is the “internal disorders of the TMJ” (TMJ Internal derangement), which generates a great controversy regarding its treatment. Very diverse professional disciplines have embraced the management of this pathology: medical or non-medical, surgical or non-surgical, dental or non-dental, and each of them advocates a treatment based on its own etiopathogenic theory. However, one aspect that distinguishes this pathology is that, today, the etiological factors of internal TMJ disorders are still subjected to debate and study. In any case, the indications for surgery are absolute; in other pathologies as we have referred, in internal TMJ disorders there is a relative and limited surgical indication. That is what has led me to organize this special issue of Plastic and Aesthetic Research. Regarding this issue, we mean to cover various surgical techniques, such as minimally invasive ones, that can be used in this pathology as well as to guide the readers in which ones are more adapted to the indication coming from the patient and to the professional's habitat, both in training and in equipment.
About our topic “Surgery of Internal Derangement” I suggest:
1) Radiologic points regarding TMJ internal derangement
2) Indications and contraindications of minimally invasive surgery in TMJ internal derangement
3) Minimally invasive surgery: arthroscopic lysis and lavage
4) Minimnally invasive surgery: Electrocoagulation
5) Minimamlly invasive surgery: Suturing techniques
6) Open joint surgery: Discal surgery
7) TMJ prosthesis in the treatment of internal derangement
KeywordsTemporomandibular joint, internal disorders, pathology, surgical techniques, minimally invasive surgery
Submission Deadline15 Apr 2021