Most Viewed: Last TWO YEARS
  • Commentary|Open Access

    Comment on “Breast cancer-related lymphedema: quality of life after lymph node transfer”

    Azra Ashraf
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:320-1. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.71
    Published on: 30 Sep 2016  | Viewed:150993  | Downloaded:166
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    Elective neck dissection in early oral squamous cell carcinoma: necessary?

    Carlos Moreno-García
    Aim: The indication of neck dissection in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a problem of risk-benefit evaluation between probability of neck metastases, the problem of complications associated with neck dissection and the prognostic influence of delayed diagnosis of metastasis during follow-up. There is no consensus on the elective treatment of the neck in early oral cancer patients with a clinically N0 (cN0) neck. Methods: The author performed a search of PubMed articles with the words "elective neck dissection vs. observation", "node negative neck" and "early stage oral squamous cell... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:167-74. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.12
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:53055  | Downloaded:246
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Medially based de-epithelialized flap for nasal base narrowing and nostril sill augmentation in a cleft lip nasal deformity

    Kun Hwang , Jong Hwan Choi , Hun Kim , Dae Joong Kim
    Aim: The authors observed the nostril floor in a gross cadaver specimen histologically and innovated a medially based de-epithelialized flap for nasal base narrowing and nostril sill augmentation. Methods: In cadaver, fully thick section was taken from the nostril sill at the midpoint of the columella base and ala base, and stained with Masson-Trichrome. In eight patients, circumferential incision along the nostril sill and alar base freed the alar base from the upper lip. At the columellar base, fresh epithelium was shaved on the medial side of the incision line. The widened scar on the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:291-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.70
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016  | Viewed:38249  | Downloaded:147
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  • Review|Open Access

    How we do it: the Running-X suture technique

    Nathaniel L. Villanueva , Kyle Sanniec , Ronald Mancini
    There are a myriad of suture techniques available to close incisions of the brow and forehead, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. The ideal suture technique would provide excellent cosmetic results, offer expedient wound closure, optimize skin eversion and wound edge apposition, and provide excellent cosmetic results. The authors describe a new suture technique, the Running-X suture, a running horizontal mattress suture that has successfully been used by the senior author for many years to re-approximate surgical wounds of the brow and forehead in an expeditious and aesthetic... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:245-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.59
    Published on: 14 Jul 2016  | Viewed:28682  | Downloaded:259
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    Intradermal fillers for minimally invasive treatment of facial aging

    Zhi Yuan (William) Lin , Vishva Shah , Arvind Dhinakar , Lara Yildirimer , Wen-Guo Cui , Xin Zhao
    The ever-increasing interest in retaining a youthful physical appearance has facilitated the development of various minimally invasive dermatological techniques. The use of intradermal fillers can be incorporated into dermatological practices with minimal overhead costs. This strategy addresses facial volume loss and dynamic lines, which are the main features of facial aging. Moreover, intradermal fillers provide an array of flexible treatment options for a balanced and holistic result to dermatological practitioners. This paper reviews the different intradermal fillers categorized by... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:72-82. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.121
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:22255  | Downloaded:1028
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the head and neck region

    Samrat S. Sabhalok , Lakshmi S. Shetty , Pallavi H. Sarve , Sneha V. Setiya , Swati R. Bharadwaj
    Epidermoid cysts, dermoid cysts and teratoid cysts are cystic malformations lined with squamous epithelium. They present as soft nodular lesions with a sessile base. Their prevalence is 7% in head and neck patients and 1.6% within the oral cavity. The authors present a case series of 21 patients with dermoid and epidermoid cysts who underwent surgical removal. One year of follow-up was carried out without evidence of recurrence. The removal of these cysts is of great concern as it can cause serious social stigma, aesthetic and functional impairment, dysphagia and dysphonia. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:347-50. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.09
    Published on: 4 Nov 2016  | Viewed:20605  | Downloaded:311
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    The temporal endoscopic midface lift - centrofacial rejuvenation without facial scars

    Thomas Haffner
    Aim: The author describes a new endoscopic midface lifting technique using solely temporal access and evaluates its advantages and perspectives. Methods: This is a single-surgeon case study. Through a short temporal incision, dissection is performed along a single plane connecting the superficial surfaces of both the facial and temporal superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) layers. Subsequent midface dissection divides the malar fat pad into the deeper and superficial parts. A new concept of a combination high malar SMAS lift and internal skin flap anchorage that provides long-term... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:339-46. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.63
    Published on: 31 Oct 2016  | Viewed:17306  | Downloaded:230
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    Current role in facial allograft transplantation: what have we learned?

    Pedro Infante-Cossio , Fernando Barrera-Pulido , Tomas Gomez-Cia , Domingo Sicilia-Castro , Alberto Garcia-Perla-Garcia , Purificacion Gacto-Sanchez , Jose-Maria Hernandez-Guisado , Araceli Lagares-Borrego , Rocio Narros-Gimenez , Juan-David Gonzalez-Padilla
    Face transplant (FT) has evolved enormously in the last 10 years since the successful completion of the first facial transplant. This procedure has become a new reconstructive option for complex facial deformities to restore the anatomy of patients with severely disfigured faces. The authors review the literature and discuss the main surgical, immunological, and ethical aspects as well as the results described in patients undergoing FT. To date there have been more than thirty FT worldwide. The main indication was post-traumatic deformity. In all cases a standard immunosuppression was... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:211-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.11
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:15852  | Downloaded:248
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    Collagen membrane for reconstruction of soft tissue defects after surgery of oral cancer and precancer: a brief review

    Ankita Vastani , Nishant Chourasia , Vedant Pahlajani , Suryakant Choubey
    There are some surgeries after which a temporary cover for raw wounds is required to ensure healing. Some of those circumstances are loss of tissue due to burns, trauma, amputation, chronic ulcer, leprosy, and skin graft sites. Although the body initiates regeneration mechanisms, however the time taken for complete healing of wounds is unpredictable. Also, there is a tendency for long standing wounds to undergo infection and scarring. Oral mucosa is no exception to scarring and infection of wounds and there has always been a search for new materials that can be used for coverage of oral... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:100-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.119
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:13350  | Downloaded:433
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    State of the art in the management of oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Raúl González-García
    The present editorial is an introductory paper to a special issue composed of eleven manuscripts focusing on particular aspects about the state of the art in OSCC under the light of current knowledge. While strict criteria for systematic reviewing concerning Cochrane database recommendations have not been followed due to the heterogeneity of the revised series, an effort has been made to selectively approach particular aspects of OSCC management, while selecting the most prominent series within the last 15 years. Some of the incoming works have made a special effort in trying to include and... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:129-31. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.30
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:12412  | Downloaded:103
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Full retroauricular skin and fascia expansion in microtia reconstruction: a single center experience of 166 cases

    Ji-Hua Wang , Ting Tang , Yong-Jing He , Ying-Jia Zhang , Yun Yang
    Aim: Ear reconstruction is a challenge for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. The ear requires sufficient skin coverage and a three-dimensional (3D) cartilage framework. In this paper, the authors present their 10-year experience in microtia reconstruction using tissue expansion and an autogenous rib cartilage framework. Methods: Ear reconstruction was performed in 3 operative stages. During the first procedure, a 50-80 mL kidney or cylinder-shaped expander was implanted deep to the subcutaneous fascia of the retroauricular mastoid region. Over a period of 3-5 months, the expander was... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:364-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.79
    Published on: 30 Nov 2016  | Viewed:11244  | Downloaded:316
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The role of salvage surgery in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Raúl González-García
    Aim: To select and analyze the most representative papers published in the literature concerning oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), specifically dealing with salvage surgery following primary treatment by surgery with or without by postoperative radiotherapy, specifically focusing in the oral cavity and oropharynx locations. Methods: A bibliography search on MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for studies published from March 2000 to March 2016 was conducted. The authors only included studies published in the English language and those dealing with “squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:189-96. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.43
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:10562  | Downloaded:105
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    Current prognosis and quality of life following surgical treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

    Cristina Hernández-Vila
    Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world with a close relation with some risk factor like, tobacco, alcohol consumption and more recently, with human papilloma virus infection. A review of the literature about actual prognosis and quality of life in HNSCC has been done analysing the results of surgical treatment and their impact on the quality of life of patients. Despite the elevated incidence of HNSCC, the survival rate has increased considerably over the last years thanks to the development of new surgical techniques, such as,... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:203-10. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.20
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:10267  | Downloaded:308
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    The most compatible position of operator for mandibular right posterior teeth extraction

    Ramesh Kumaresan , Sivakumar Pendyala , Jawahar Dhanavel
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:257-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.04
    Published on: 14 Jul 2016  | Viewed:9692  | Downloaded:88
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The role of radiotherapy in the treatment of oral cavity cancer

    Joaquín J. Cabrera-Rodríguez
    Radiotherapy plays a critical role in the treatment of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma as monotherapy in early stage cancer or combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy in advances ones. Recent developments in the imaging of cancer and radiation technology have allowed developing more precise delivery of treatment with recent data demonstrating improvement in survival and lessening of adverse toxics effects of radiation. This review will focus in the recent advances and current state-of-the-art in radiation oncology both external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy. As complexity of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:158-66. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.13
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:9280  | Downloaded:454
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    The forehead flap: a valuable option in resource depleted environment

    Rowland Agbara , Benjamin Fomete , Athanasius Chukwudi Obiadazie , Kelvin Uchenna Omeje , Olushola Ibiyinka Amole
    Aim: Reconstruction of orofacial soft tissue defect is often challenging and this is more difficult in resource challenged environment. This retrospective study highlights our experience with the use of forehead flap to overcome some of the challenges of orofacial reconstruction in a resource depleted environment. Methods: A 23-year retrospective analysis of all patients who had orofacial defect reconstruction using forehead flap in our department was undertaken. Information was sourced from patient’s case notes and operating theatre records. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:115-20. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.123
    Published on: 25 Apr 2016  | Viewed:9000  | Downloaded:141
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Application of regenerative medicine in treatment of acne scars

    Mauro Barone , Stefania Tenna , Annalisa Cogliandro , Vincenzo Panasiti , Carolina Nobile , Paolo Persichetti
    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the protocol of nanofat and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) infiltration and fractional CO2 laser resurfacing for face atrophic scars by acne and to analyse patient’s satisfaction with the original questionnaire. Methods: From March 2014 to June 2015, 30 patients with acne scarsonthe cheeks were selected for this pilot study. Patients were evaluated pre- and postoperatively by a physical examination, photographs and ultrasound scan with a 22 MHz probe to measure subcutaneous tissue thickness. All patients were treated by infiltration of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:235-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.42
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:8789  | Downloaded:143
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Total nasal septal reconstruction using costal cartilage in difficult cases of secondary septoplasty

    Kapil S. Agrawal , Raghav Shrotriya
    Rhinoplasty and septal reconstruction often require the use of cartilage grafts. Complete nasal septal reconstruction may be required in very specific situations like difficult secondary septoplasty or severely deformed post traumatic noses. Usually in these cases the septal cartilage or bone is insufficient for septal reconstruction. The authors hereby describe a new technique of complete septal reconstruction by using the 7th rib (costal) cartilage combined with author’s ingenious technique to prevent warping. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:306-10. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.07
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016  | Viewed:7928  | Downloaded:162
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Peno-scrotal soft tissue loss: a need for multidisciplinary and multimodal integration

    Pradeoth Korambayil Mukundan , Prashanth Varkey Ambookan , Ragu Angappan , Vinoth Kumar Dilliraj
    Aim: Scrotal soft tissue loss is a part of the challenging conditions for plastic surgeon. The non-availability of adequate nearby healthy soft tissue and its probability of frequent contamination by excretory substances make the issue of reconstruction complicated. The authors present their experience with penoscrotal soft tissue loss with hyperbaric oxygen therapy as an adjunct. Methods: This retrospective study was undertaken in the department of plastic surgery, over a period of 2 years. Nine patients with scrotal or penile injury and infection were enrolled in the study. Age of the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:273-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.127
    Published on: 12 Aug 2016  | Viewed:7766  | Downloaded:98
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Soft tissue reconstruction after lower extremity limb-sparing pediatric sarcoma resection

    Kevin Shultz , Nicholas Webster , Miguel A. Soto-Miranda , Anas Eid , Jon P. Ver Halen
    Aim: Limb salvage is the treatment of choice for lower extremity bone sarcomas in children. To date, peers have not described algorithms for soft tissue reconstruction of these defects. This paper is to report a large single center series of lower extremity salvage after sarcoma treatment, with algorithm. Methods: The authors performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing resection of lower extremity bone sarcomas at a single center over 12 years. Results: In total, 65 children (29 girls, 36 boys) with a mean age of 13 years (range 2.9-23.3 years) underwent resection of a lower leg... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:311-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.38
    Published on: 30 Sep 2016  | Viewed:7754  | Downloaded:161
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Penoscrotal defect: a functional, esthetic, and psychological challenge

    Durga Karki , Pankaj Kumar Patel , Ravi Prakash Narayan
    Aim: Penoscrotal defects may be caused by a variety of events. Reconstruction of the penoscrotal region is required not only for aesthetic appearance but also for functional and psychological reasons. Numerous techniques have been described for penoscrotal reconstruction reflecting the challenge and complexity of the region involved. This suggests that no single method is satisfactory for all types and degrees of tissue defects. This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in India, over a period of 5 years. Methods: Eighteen patients with penoscrotal defects of varying... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:64-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.28
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:7706  | Downloaded:108
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Use of negative pressure wound therapy in pediatric oncology patients: a single-center review of 66 patients

    Stacy Wong , Anas Eid , Warren Southerland , Jon P. Ver Halen
    Aim: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been studied extensively in adult patients, but less is known about pediatric patients. This study assesses the efficacy and safety of vacuum-assisted closure® usage in pediatric oncology patients. Methods: Retrospective data on all patients treated with NPWT at a single pediatric oncology hospital were collected between April 2005 and September 2013. Details on pre-treatment factors, treatment course, and post-treatment events were collected. No control group was available for comparison. Results: Sixty-six patients were identified, with a... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:248-53. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.101
    Published on: 14 Jul 2016  | Viewed:7600  | Downloaded:134
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Improvements in the cervical angle and anthropometric distances using elasticum suspension

    Seong Kee Kim , Kun Hwang , Hun Kim , Young Rok Kim , Yeop Na
    Aim: This study aims to characterize the effects of elastic facelifts using the elasticum suspension technique on the cervical angle and anthropometric distances. Methods: Forty-six patients underwent surgery. Two 4-5 mm incisions a few centimetres apart were made at sideburn. Through blunt dissection, the deep temporal fascia was approached. An elastic thread (Elasticum®) was anchored to this fascia. A 1.0 cm incision was made just in front of the earlobe. The elastic thread was anchored to the tympanoparotid fascia. Jano needle was passed under the skin surface, as determined by the depth... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:384-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.88
    Published on: 23 Dec 2016  | Viewed:7562  | Downloaded:196
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Non-odontogenic hard palate cysts with special reference to globulomaxillary cyst

    Bharat Bhushan Sharma , Shweta Sharma , Arvind Jha , Kamal Deep Sharma , Jai Deep Sharma , Chattur Bhuj Sharma
    Palatal cysts are always confusing by defining their exact nomenclature or conclusive diagnosis. One of these presentations is globulomaxillary cyst which requires to be categorized under appropriate head for the management point of view. Though this entity appears to be of odontogenic in origin but because of its anatomical relation and histo-pathological background this is placed in non odontogenic group. Though the mechanism of its formation remains the same but this cyst cannot be mixed up with nasopalatine cyst as per their location. Globulomaxillary cyst appears as inverted pear... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:302-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.36
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016  | Viewed:7212  | Downloaded:161
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Modulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling affects the directional differentiation of hair follicle stem cells

    Bin Yang , Xiao-Ying Wu , Jian Ni , Bing-Hang Li , Li-Huan Deng , Meng-Juan Xiang
    Aim: The differentiation of hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) into hair follicle cells has potential clinical applications for cutaneous burns. However, the mechanisms regulating the differentiation of HFSCs into hair follicular papilla or epidermal cells are currently not clear. This study investigated the role of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and its crosstalk with other signaling components during this differentiation process. Methods: Lithium chloride (LiCl, 10 mmol/L) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF, 10 µg/L) were used to induce HFSC differentiation, validated by immunofluorescence... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:39-46. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.75
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:7045  | Downloaded:118
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The reliability of the "Iberic graft" for covering of the radial forearm free flap donor site

    Manuel Moreno-Sánchez , Raúl González-García
    Aim: Traditional donor site closure from radial forearm free flap (RFFF) has been associated with esthetic and functional morbidity. To avoid complications, such as color mismatch and secondary donor site morbidity, a new technique named "Iberic graft" for covering the RFFF donor site was described previously by our team. Methods: A study of patients who underwent reconstruction of head and neck defects using a RFFF was conducted to assess postoperative complications of the RFFF donor site and also to evaluate the morbidity in terms of aesthetics and function following the use of the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:197-202. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.21
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:7032  | Downloaded:3456
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  • Brief Communication|Open Access

    Meshed acellular dermal matrix: technique and application in implant based breast reconstruction

    Dino Zammit , Jonathan Kanevsky , Fan-Yi Meng , Tassos Dionisopoulos
    Alloderm was the first acellular dermal matrix used and remains a popular choice among plastic surgeons. However, while the overall surgical outcome of breast reconstruction using alloderm has been a success, the economic burden on the health care system makes it a subject of frequent re-evaluations in cost-effectiveness. Prompted by the high price of $3,700 USD for a 6 cm × 16 cm area, our group proposes the meshing of AlloDerm to decrease the total amount needed for breast reconstruction, while achieving comparable surgical outcomes as using unmeshed alloderm. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:254-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.128
    Published on: 14 Jul 2016  | Viewed:7031  | Downloaded:117
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Angioleiomyoma: a rare diagnosis of a painful subcutaneous nodule in the hand

    Sandeep Bhogesha , Satyaswarup Tripathy , Jerry R. John , Debajyoti Chatterjee
    Angioleiomyoma of the hand is a rare differential diagnosis of painful soft tissue nodule in the extremity. It arises from smooth muscle of the blood vessels and the most common symptom is pain. Imaging with magnetic resonance imaging shows characteristic features like a hypodense peripheral capsule with linear or branching internal hyperdensities on T2-weighted images, and post-contrast diffuse homogenous enhancement with a vessel leading up to the lesion. Histopathological examination shows well circumscribed fascicles of mature smooth muscle cells surrounding vascular lumina, lined by... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:126-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.86
    Published on: 25 Apr 2016  | Viewed:6662  | Downloaded:130
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The role of human papillomavirus in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Francisco A. Ramírez-Pérez
    Aim: The causative role of human papillomavirus (HPV) has been established into the aetiology of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Some authors believe that HPV can determinate the prognosis and module treatment response from this kind of malignancies. Methods: Articles published in the last 10 years, focusing on the role of HPV in the development, molecular biology, prognosis and treatment of OSCC were reviewed. Results: Thirty-nine articles from 252 were selected, highlighting 4 meta-analysis, 3 prospective and 2 retrospective studies. According to its role in the development of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:132-41. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.17
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:6355  | Downloaded:154
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Twenty years of experience with the rabbit model, a versatile model for tracheal transplantation research

    Margot Den Hondt , Bart M. Vanaudenaerde , Pierre Delaere , Jan J. Vranckx
    Pathologies comprising more than half the length of the trachea are a challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. Innovative tracheal transplantation techniques aim to offer the patient a curative solution with a sustained improvement in quality of life. This review summarizes the authors’ experience with the rabbit as a versatile model for research regarding tracheal transplantation. Because of the segmental blood supply of the trachea, it is not feasible to transplant the organ together with a well-defined vascular pedicle. As such, the key element of successful tracheal transplantation is... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:223-30. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.117
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:6300  | Downloaded:222
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    Materials to facilitate orbital reconstruction and soft tissue filling in posttraumatic orbital deformaties

    Ling-Xiao Ye , Xiao-Ming Sun , Yu-Guang Zhang , Ying Zhang
    Posttraumatic orbital reconstruction has been a challenging mission for decades in craniomaxillofacial surgery. Complications like enophthalmos, diplopia and gaze obstacles emerge when orbital trauma occurs, affecting people' s daily life as well as their appearance. Advances in technology and research gained through years of experience has provided us with a greater understanding of the changes following trauma, as well as providing us with a variety of filling materials that we can choose from to handle the deformities. However, the best type of material for repair of orbital deformities... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:86-91. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.122
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:5754  | Downloaded:268
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy improves outcome of snake envenomation: tertiary center experience

    Pradeoth Korambayil Mukundan , Prashanth Varkey Ambookan , Ragu Angappan
    Aim: Snakebite injuries of the extremities are common in tropical India among those involved in farming and outdoor activities. These injuries often complicated by cellulitis, gangrene, regional lymphadenopathy, compartment syndrome, bleeding abnormalities, septicemia, hypotension, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study is to share our experience of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in the management of snakebite injuries. Methods: All patients who were treated for snakebite injuries in our department between... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:59-63. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.11
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:5497  | Downloaded:107
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    Elective neck dissection in oral squamous cell carcinoma of the upper maxilla: necessary?

    Manuel Moreno-Sánchez
    Aim: Surgical treatment of clinically negative neck in maxillary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the upper jaw is controversial. The purpose of this systematic review was to define the incidence of cervical metastasis and to assess if elective neck dissection is justified when the neck is not primarily affected. Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central databases, for articles written in English. Results: Twenty-eight articles were included in the review. The overall cervical metastases rate was 33% and the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:175-80. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.18
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:5400  | Downloaded:128
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Breast amyloidosis: a case report

    Giulia Boscaini , Marco Pignatti , Giovanni Tazzioli , Giorgio De Santis
    Amyloidosis is an uncommon disorder characterized by extracellular deposition of abnormal proteins. Breast involvement has rarely been reported and can clinically be misdiagnosed as breast cancer. A 60-year-old woman presented with a 3-mm diameter mass in the right breast close to a silicon implant positioned 20 years before. A core biopsy, performed to rule out breast cancer, showed amyloid deposit. Further exams confirmed a systemic amyloid light chain amyloidosis. After few months the mass increased causing breast volume and shape distortion. Since breast cancer may be the cause of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:240-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.96
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:5105  | Downloaded:65
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Self-esteem and rhinoplasty: a case-control study

    Mohsen Naraghi , Mohammad Atari
    Aim: Self-esteem is one’s attitude towards oneself. It is one of the most important psychological aspects of rhinoplasty, a common aesthetic operation. Prior studies have indicated an improvement in patients’ self-esteem after this operation. The aim of current study was to preoperatively compare self-esteem in patients seeking aesthetic rhinoplasty with that of functional rhinoplasty patients. Methods: A total of 42 patients completed the validated Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale preoperatively (21 aesthetic surgery patients and 21 functional surgery patients). Those with both aesthetic and... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:111-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.103
    Published on: 25 Apr 2016  | Viewed:4878  | Downloaded:183
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Treatment of chronic recurrent dislocation of temporomandibular joint by autologus blood injection

    Syed Sayeed Ahmed , Md. Kalim Ansari
    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of autologus blood injection in the management of recurrent temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation. Methods: A total of 11 patients, 4 males, 7 females, mean age of 58.6 years and suffering from recurrent dislocation of TMJ, were included in the study. In all the patients the procedure included anesthesia- local or sedation, arthrocentesis which was followed by autologous blood injection in the upper joint cavity. The peri-articular tissues were also infiltrated with autologous blood. Post procedure advice included restricted mouth... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:121-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2014.105
    Published on: 25 Apr 2016  | Viewed:4875  | Downloaded:544
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Reconstruction of the anterior skull base with radial forearm free tissue transfer: case series and literature review

    Windy A. Olaya , Lauren T. Daly , Emily G. Clark , Thomas Scholz , Vincent Laurence , Keyianoosh Z. Paydar , Garrett A. Wirth , Gregory R. D. Evans
    Aim: Reconstruction of the anterior skull base offers an especially complex challenge as the impermeable separation of the dural space and the upper aerodigestive tract must be maintained. We propose the use of the radial forearm free flaps (RFFF) as a superb method of re-establishing integrity in anterior skull base defects. Methods: Literature review and retrospective analysis of 4 single-institution cases of anterior skull base defects reconstructed with a RFFF. Data were collected on successful and unsuccessful defect repairs, complication rates, and length of hospitalization. Results:... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:47-51. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.70
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:4753  | Downloaded:106
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  • Topic: Advanced Wound Management and Prospects|Open Access

    Preliminary evidence using negative pressure wound therapy to achieve limb salvage for the ischemic diabetic foot

    Joe Chi-Cheng Fang , Yu-Tsung Chen , Yin-Shuo Chang , Jen-Hsiang Shen , Min-Ling Chen , Chang-Cheng Chang
    Aim: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) has been discussed in several studies, but without a focus on peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which is a common comorbidity. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of NPWT in the treatment of DFU with PAD in regards to limb salvage and the clinical course. Methods: The authors retrospectively collected patients with DFU and PAD diagnosed with either Doppler ultrasound or angiography as the PAD study group. Patients with DFU but no PAD were enrolled as the non-PAD comparison group. NPWT was applied to both... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:378-83. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.06
    Published on: 20 Dec 2016  | Viewed:4703  | Downloaded:143
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Blood lipid profiles following nonfocused ultrasonic treatment for noninvasive body contouring

    Takashi Honda , Katsuhiro Kure , Hiroyuki Goto , Takuya Suzuki , Mariko Mogami , Tsukasa Isago
    Aim: Blood lipid profiles changed following nonfocused ultrasound treatments for body contouring. The present study elucidates clinical effects of these devices on adipose tissue. Methods: Ultrasound treatments for 5 males and 5 females in a supine position, ages 37-67 years, were applied at 20 KHz and 3.0 W/cm2 in modulated emission. Whole abdomen was treated by an ultrasound handpiece for 30 min followed by a 6-min lymphatic drainage. Waist circumferences at the level of the umbilicus and body weight were measured before and immediately after treatment. Blood lipid profiles including... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:107-10. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.61
    Published on: 25 Apr 2016  | Viewed:4519  | Downloaded:203
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Photometric analysis of absorbable barbed suture for periareolar closure in mastopexy

    Allen D. Rosen , Alanna M. Guzman , Teresa Hartman
    Aim: The primary author previously described his technique for periareolar closure in mastopexy using a pinwheel interlocking purse string with absorbable barbed suture and now reports the results of a retrospective photometric analysis comparing this technique with the same closure using Gortex® suture. This study is designed to compare the degree of areolar widening and safety profile of using absorbable barbed sutures for periareolar closure versus permanent smooth suture. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients whose periareolar closures were performed using... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:296-301. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.40
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016  | Viewed:4495  | Downloaded:155
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    An update review on recent skin fillers

    Li-Ying Cheng , Xiao-Ming Sun , Meng-Yao Tang , Rong Jin , Wen-Guo Cui , Yu-Guang Zhang
    Facial rejuvenation has changed over the last decade, evolving from the rhytidectomy to an approach that focuses on revolumization, due to a more complete understanding of the changes to bone and soft tissue that occur with the aging face. Soft tissue augmentation using various injectable filler agents has gained popularity due to their nonsurgical, non-invasive procedures, instant cosmetic outcomes and limited recovery time. The skin filler market is booming and the variety of available skin fillers is increasing, providing the plastic surgeons many choices. Nonpermenant, biodegradable,... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:92-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.124
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:4473  | Downloaded:622
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Thermal distribution and response in Q-switched ruby laser treatment for oculodermal melanosis (Nevus of Ota)

    David Cheong Chon Fok , Cheng-Jen Chang , Yun-Liang Su , Shu-Ying Chang , Yen-Chang Hsiao , Kuen Ting , Wen-Shiung Lin , Kuen-Tasnn Chen , Shih-Feng Chen
    Aim: A clinically useful treatment laser must generate stable and precise energy of low diffusivity. This study assessed the photothermal response of a Q-switched ruby laser (QSRL) in the treatment of oculodermal melanosis (Nevus of Ota). Methods: A two-year retrospective review of 40 patients with oculodermal melanosis treated with a QSRL (λ = 694 nm, pulse duration = 25 ns, 3 mm spot size, energy density 6-10 J/cm2) was performed. Demographics included an age range of 18-54 years (mean 28) and a gender distribution of 25 females and 15 males. The values recorded from real-time infrared... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:1-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.85
    Published on: 19 Jan 2017  | Viewed:4450  | Downloaded:112
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    The extended running W-plasty: an additional tool for simultaneous reduction of the hypertrophied labia minora and redundant clitoral hood

    Hamdy A. Elkhatib
    Aim: The extended running W-plasty technique using the W-plasty principle is a modification of the conventional technique. The use of this technique was utilized for simultaneous reduction of the protuberant labia minora and the redundant clitoris. Methods: Twenty-three patients presented to the plastic surgery clinic between 2008 and 2015 with the complaints of protuberant and enlarged labia minora in conjunction with a hypertrophied clitorial hood. The extended running W-plasty was performed in all patients. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia as an outpatient procedure with a... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:359-63. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.41
    Published on: 22 Nov 2016  | Viewed:4322  | Downloaded:196
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  • Review|Open Access

    Multipotency and secretome: the mechanisms behind the regenerative potential of adipose-derived stem cells

    Doruk Orgun , Hiroshi Mizuno
    The use of stem cells for regenerating damaged organs and tissues which are unable to heal on their own is a widely studied field in plastic and reconstructive surgery as well as medicine in general. Among various stem cell types, adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are especially considered to be an ideal stem cell population for several clinical situations. These cells could be harvested from fat with relatively less invasive methods with high yield rates. ASCs have proved to be worthy of more research to understand the mechanisms behind their regenerative abilities. However, it remains... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:32-40. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.109
    Published on: 22 Mar 2017  | Viewed:4288  | Downloaded:187
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The role of sentinel node biopsy in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Justo Serrano-Vicente
    Aim: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the published literature to assess the state of the art of this procedure. Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) is a novel and proven useful technique alternative to the neck dissection (ND) in the management of OSCC. Methods: The authors searched PubMed for literature in English published for the last five years, addressing this topic. Prospective studies articles were selected with at least thirty patients studied. Results: Of 235 studies found, 14 studies met the exclusion and inclusion... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:142-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.19
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:4219  | Downloaded:96
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A mammometric comparison of modified Robertson versus Wise pattern inferior pedicle reduction mammoplasty

    Victor Z. Zhu , Ajul Shah , Rachel Lentz , Tracy Sturrock , Alexander F. Au , Stephanie L. Kwei
    Aim: The advent of 3D photoimaging and mammometrics has allowed for quantitative, volumetric breast analyses. This study uses 3D photoimaging and mammometrics to compare the postoperative morphometric outcomes of the modified Robertson technique to the more traditional Wise pattern inferior pedicle technique. Methods: Inferior pedicle reduction mammoplasty was performed using either a Wise pattern or modified Robertson skin incision. 3D photography and analysis were done at 1-3 months and 6-12 months postoperatively. Results: There were 14 breasts in the modified Robertson group (ROB) and... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:284-90. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.48
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016  | Viewed:4157  | Downloaded:106
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Utility of multi-detector row computed tomography angiography versus Doppler in localization of perforators of anterolateral thigh flaps

    Chandan N. Jadhav , Surinder Singh Makkar , Gautam Biswas , Niranjan Khandelwal
    Aim: Anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is widely used in reconstruction of various defects. Preoperative imaging facilitates perforator mapping, overcoming intraoperative uncertainty. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of multi-detector row computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) and a handheld Doppler in locating ALT perforators. Methods: Twenty patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 patients received MDCTA and Doppler studies whereas Group 2 received only a Doppler study. The number, location, course, and source of all cutaneous and sizable perforators were... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:52-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.64
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:3928  | Downloaded:58
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    Inflatable pressure garment device for pressure therapy after chest wall keloid operation and radiotherapy

    Shu Liu , Ke-Xin Song , You-Bin Wang
    Aim: Keloids often occur on the chest wall, with high recurrence rates despite surgery and radiotherapy. Garment pressure therapy is commonly used to treat hypertrophic scars and keloids. Irregularity of the chest wall surface can inhibit the effects of the garment pressure therapy. This clinical study is to determine the effect of inflatable pressure garment in preventing keloid recurrence after keloid operation and radiotherapy. Methods: Chest wall keloid was removed and radiotherapy was administered at the surgical sites on the 1st and 7th postoperative days in 61 patients. An inflatable... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:92-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.26
    Published on: 16 Jun 2017  | Viewed:3698  | Downloaded:87
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Topical rapamycin for angiofibromas in patients with tuberous sclerosis: how does it work in clinical practice?

    Maria Palmetun Ekbäck , Desiree Wiegleb Edström
    Aim: Topical rapamycin for angiofibromas has been reported to be a new promising treatment. This study aims to report the outcome in clinical practice. Methods: A retrospective clinical follow-up on twenty-three patients who had been prescribed an oral solution of 0.1% rapamycin, to be applied on facial lesions once a day. Results: Seventeen of 23 patients continued the treatment. Papules and nodules were improved in 8 patients (47%) and erythema in 12 (70%). Side effects, such as stinging and redness were reported in 35% of patients. Blood samples were taken from 5 patients and no... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:328-34. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.60
    Published on: 25 Oct 2016  | Viewed:3673  | Downloaded:85
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  • Topic: Advanced Wound Management and Prospects|Open Access

    Clinical pathway for an efficient wound care center

    Yu-Tsung Chen , Chang-Cheng Chang
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:375-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.125
    Published on: 20 Dec 2016  | Viewed:3258  | Downloaded:351
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Development and assessment of a cutaneous tissue stretch device as a novel scar therapy

    Jonathan Kanevsky , Joshua Vorstenbosch , Julian Diaz-Abele , Tyler Safran , Markus Prinz , Youssef Tahiri , Mirko Gilardino , Satya Prakash
    Aim: Scar prevention and reduction is an area of therapeutic opportunity and unmet medical need. With no current effective scar therapy, patients are often disappointed in their appearance post surgery and re-present to surgeons, only to be turned away. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a device that produces intermittent parallel stretch on new scars and to analyze its potential to reduce scarring. Methods: Mice were randomized into 5 scar stretch treatment groups: 1 control, 1 sham, and 3 stretch models (0.5×, 1×, or 2× device strength) and treated for 10 days. Scars were... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:351-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.27
    Published on: 15 Nov 2016  | Viewed:3118  | Downloaded:109
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Hypospadias: an algorithm for repair with the aid of the microscope in 102 patients

    Mohamed Maher , Maria Chasapi , Milind Dalal
    Aim: To demonstrate an algorithmic approach to hypospadias repair with the aid of the surgical microscope as a teaching aid, as well as an ergonomic tool. Methods: One hundred and two patients were operated on between 2009 and 2013, all by the senior surgeon (M Dalal). This is a retrospective review of results in the case series. The procedures used were one stage repair with no incision of the urethral plate, or the two stage Bracka repair. Results: Fifty-six patients underwent the one stage procedure and 46 patients underwent the two stage Bracka repair. Early complication rate was 4.9%... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:64-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.105
    Published on: 27 Apr 2017  | Viewed:3112  | Downloaded:91
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Morel-Lavallee lesion - radiological spectrum

    Bharat Bhushan Sharma , Sandeep Sharma , Priya Ramchandran , Narendar Kumar Magu , Mir Rizwan Aziz , Shilpa Singh
    Morel-Lavallee lesion (MLL) entity represents as a haemolymph mass as a result of closed degloving injury following focal trauma. The swelling can be mistaken as a tumor or simple hematoma formation, and it can be of concern as it gradually increases in size. It is important to diagnose the entity promptly as proper management can avoid skin necrosis and further complications. We present a 20-year-old female nursing student who fell down from a scooter and developed painful massive right thigh swelling over a 3-week course following trauma. She underwent plain radiography which was... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:335-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.65
    Published on: 25 Oct 2016  | Viewed:3017  | Downloaded:81
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells isolated from middle-aged patients with prominent orbital fat in the lower eyelids

    Guang-Peng Liu , Cai-He Liao , Yi-Pin Xu
    Aim: To evaluate the age-related effects on the adipogenic differentiation and proliferation potentials of human orbital adipose-derived stem cells (OASCs). Methods: Orbital adipose samples were harvested from the central fat compartment in the lower eyelids of 10 young and middle-aged patients during routine blepharoplasty surgery. After assessment of the morphological changes of adipocytes with aging, OASCs were isolated from the fat samples and expanded in vitro. Differences in the stem cell colony number (fibroblast colony-forming unit), growth rate and phenotype characterization (flow... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:322-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.74
    Published on: 25 Oct 2016  | Viewed:2920  | Downloaded:101
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  • Topic: Hair transplantation|Open Access

    Controlled clinical trial for evaluation of hair growth with low dose cyclical nutrition therapy in men and women without the use of finasteride

    Rajendrasingh Jalamsingh Rajput
    Aim: To evaluate possible results with the stimulation use of minoxidil and the strengthening of hair roots with nutritional cyclical supplements, resulting in increased hair regrowth, without the use of anti androgens and enzyme blockers. Methods: This prospective controlled clinical trial compares the current acknowledged form of treatment for hair loss within two controlled groups for both men and women against the use of cyclical nutritional therapy and minoxidil 2%. One hundred patients in each of the 4 groups, a total of 400 patients, were followed for 1 year. The progress was... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:161-73. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.57
    Published on: 30 Sep 2017  | Viewed:2851  | Downloaded:56
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Two-millimeter dermoscopically detected excision margins in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma: an assessment of radicality and recurrence

    Pierfranco Simone , Carlo Carusi , Riccardo Iannuzzi , Paolo Persichetti
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:269-70. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.49
    Published on: 28 Jul 2016  | Viewed:2832  | Downloaded:98
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    The experience performing extended abdominoplasty in massive weight loss patients

    Maria A. Bocchiotti , Elisabetta Adelaide Baglioni , Stefano Bruschi , Luca Spaziante , Erind Ruka
    Aim: The post-bariatric patients who undergo torsoplasty often incur postoperative complications that dilate their recovery time. The authors propose the technique of extended abdominoplasty, described in 2012 for aesthetic torso remodeling, in post-bariatric patients in order to reduce complications and hospitalization time. Methods: The authors performed 21 extended abdominoplasties and compared them with 21 torsoplasties in post-bariatric patients during a 1-year period. Data studied was age, gender, duration of the procedure, blood loss, complications and hospitalization duration.... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:57-63. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.111
    Published on: 21 Apr 2017  | Viewed:2764  | Downloaded:104
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A propensity score matched analysis of obesity as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications in reduction mammaplasty

    James D. Goggin , Stacy Wong , Jessica E. Pruszynski , Jon P. Ver Halen
    Aim: Reduction mammaplasty is a commonly performed procedure for the treatment of symptomatic macromastia and is increasingly desired by the obese population. With the increasing prevalence obesity in the population, it is imperative to understand its effect on postoperative outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate obesity as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications in breast reduction surgery using 1:1 patient matching through propensity scores between obese patients and non-obese controls. Methods: Between 2005 and 2013, the National Surgical Quality... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:259-68. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.50
    Published on: 28 Jul 2016  | Viewed:2758  | Downloaded:72
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Closed rhinoplasty: effects and changes on voice - a preliminary report

    Giuseppe Guarro , Romano Maffia , Barbara Rasile , Carmine Alfano
    Aim: Effects of rhinoplasty were already studied from many points of view: otherwise poor is scientific production focused on changes of voice after rhinoplasty. This preliminary study analyzed objectively and subjectively these potential effects on 19 patients who underwent exclusively closed rhinoplasty. Methods: This preliminary evaluation was conducted from September 2012 to May 2013 and 19 patients have undergone primary rhinoplasty with exclusively closed approach (7 males, 12 females). All patients were evaluated before and 6 months after surgery. Each of them answered to a... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:231-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.80
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:2704  | Downloaded:135
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  • Editorial|Open Access

    Portraits of two innovative plastic surgeons in the National Portrait Gallery

    Kun Hwang
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:15-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.110
    Published on: 22 Feb 2017  | Viewed:2632  | Downloaded:66
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    A case of 25-year-old giant neurofibromatosis

    Marcos Sforza , Renato Zaccheddu , Bruno Lopes Cancado , Deborah Sforza
    In this paper, the authors presented a case report of a 39-year-old man taken to the Emergency Unit with a 25-year-old giant neurofibromatosis. Moreover, the treatment applied for this case and the physiopathology of the neurofibromatosis disease are also discussed. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:279-81. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.46
    Published on: 12 Aug 2016  | Viewed:2631  | Downloaded:103
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    Contralateral neck dissection in oral squamous cell carcinoma: when it should be done?

    Laura Villanueva-Alcojol
    Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high incidence of cervical micrometastases and sometimes metastasizes bilaterally because of the rich lymphatics in the submucosal plexus, which freely communicate across the midline. The presence of contralateral pathologic lymph nodes has been reported previously as a critical factor influencing the survival of patients. There are a few reports in the literature with regard to the rates of contralateral neck disease and the factors that may be involved in the risk with them. An elective ipsilateral neck treatment is generally recommended... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:181-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.14
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016  | Viewed:2500  | Downloaded:194
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Unilateral rhinophyma: report of a case and review

    Scott Walter , Steven Krueger , Jonathan Ho , Kavitha K. Reddy
    Rhinophyma is a less-common subtype of rosacea that presents as thickened skin with enlarged sebaceous glands that may progress to large bulbous growths with dilated pores on the nose. Rhinophyma can lead to morbidity aesthetically and sometimes functionally. The prevalence of rosacea ranges from 1% to 20%. The exact pathogenesis is not known, but potential factors include altered circulation, changes in microorganisms and/or alterations in immunity. Here the authors present a unique case where a patient presented with unilateral rhinophyma: a presentation warranting work up to rule out... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:49-53. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.08
    Published on: 22 Mar 2017  | Viewed:2498  | Downloaded:114
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    In vivo degradation of poly L-lactic D-lactic acid and tri-methylene carbonate sheets in orbital reconstruction

    Kun Hwang , Hyung Mook Kim
    This study was conducted to evaluate changes in the composition of a poly-L-lactic D-lactic acid and trimethylene carbonate (PLDLA-TMC) sheet after insertion into the human body. A 35-year-old woman had an orbital fracture that was reconstructed using a PLDLA-TMC sheet. During iliac bone grafting for enophthalmos 190 days after the insertion, the sheet was removed and analyzed using gel permeation chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The weight average molecular weight decreased (from 151,000 Da to 10,000 Da), as did the number average molecular weight (from 15,600 Da... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:9-12. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.78
    Published on: 19 Jan 2017  | Viewed:2494  | Downloaded:125
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Five “Ds” of plastic surgery

    Preethitha Babu , Ravi Kumar Chittoria , Sudhanva Hemanth Kumar , Senthil Kumaran Marimuthu , Elan Kumar Subbarayan , Konda Sireesha Reddy , Vinayak Chavan , Devi Prasad Mohapatra , Meethale Thiruvoth Friji , Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:13-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.104
    Published on: 19 Jan 2017  | Viewed:2443  | Downloaded:80
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma|Open Access

    The tissue shrinkage phenomenon on surgical margins in oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

    David González-Ballester
    Aim: One of the most important factors associated with recurrence rate and overall survival is the status of surgical margin of resection free of disease. However, sometimes, the margins measured intra-operatively at the time of surgery differ of those measured by the pathologist in the histopathologic analysis. Faced with this dilemma, a literature review of the best available evidence was conducted in an attempt to determine how the phenomenon of tissue shrinkage may influence on the surgical margin of resection in patients undergoing oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:150-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.23
    Published on: 25 May 2016  | Viewed:2376  | Downloaded:154
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    The radiation therapy in keloids treatment: a comprehensive review of pathomechanism, damage mechanisms and cellular response

    Jing Xu , Elan Yang , Nan-Ze Yu , You-Bin Wang , Xiao Long
    Keloid management has always been frustrating and challenging. The combination therapy of surgical excision and radiation therapy was deemed as the last resort for decades. The authors performed a thorough and comprehensive review over the mechanisms on how radiation therapy damages the keloid cells. The keloid cells’ cellular response towards damage induced by irradiation was also studied based on original and current literatures. Mechanisms of damage generated by radiation therapy on keloid cells remained partially understood. However, direct damage was identified playing dominant role,... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:116-26. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.24
    Published on: 28 Jul 2017  | Viewed:2350  | Downloaded:146
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Resolution of 2nd, 3rd or 4th interdigital space incomplete, simple syndactyly using a random vascularity flap

    Heriberto Garza de la Llave , Yusef Jiménez Murat , Alejandro Ángel Corona Figueroa
    Syndactyly consists of a variable fusion of soft tissue or of bone in adjacent fingers. This has important aesthetic and functional impacts on the development of the child due to the abnormal appearance of the hand. When the 1st web space is affected, it compromises grasp and development of the clamp function. Affliction of the 2nd, 3rd or 4th webspaces hinder the independent movement of the fingers adjacent to it. Current syndactyly release techniques have inherent disadvantages such as the use of skin from both the interdigital halves of the syndactylized fingers, the need to skin graft... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:70-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.108
    Published on: 27 Apr 2017  | Viewed:2324  | Downloaded:111
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Non-invasive focused ultrasound for abdominal circumference reduction: does it really work?

    Eric Barel , Abraham Amir , Asaf Olshinka , Dean Ad-El
    Aim: Non-invasive body contouring is a promising modality. However, due to a lack of good evidence-based data, the mechanism by which contouring occurs remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of treatment with the Contour I™ ultrasound system (Ultrashape®, Syneron®, Israel) on abdominal circumference and to compare 2 power levels for efficacy and safety. Methods: A prospective, self-controlled double-blind design was used. Thirty-six women, aged 30-45 years, were randomized to receive treatment with the Contour I at high or low acoustic outputs in 3 successive... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:368-74. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.81
    Published on: 14 Dec 2016  | Viewed:2226  | Downloaded:133
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    Reconstruction of a large defect of the female chest following keloid excision with use of the rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap

    Quan-Cang Men , Shu Liu , Ke-Xin Song , You-Bin Wang , Zhu Lin , Liu Hao , Xin-Hang Dong , Long Xiao
    Aim: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the myocutaneous flap of the rectus abdominis in the surgical treatment of a large defect on the female chest following keloid excision. Methods: According to the location and size of the keloid on the chest, a myocutaneous flap based on the left or right rectus abdominis muscle was designed and transferred for repair of a chest defect following keloid resection. Radiotherapy was performed in the surgical area on the first and seventh postoperative days. Results: From January 2015 to March 2016, rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap coverage... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:86-91. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.25
    Published on: 26 May 2017  | Viewed:2030  | Downloaded:80
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Reverse latissimus dorsi muscle flap for complex back defects: our experience

    Kumaraswamy Mohan Kumar , Shantha Kumar Shivalingappa , Veena Prabhakar Waiker , Udaya Shankar Odeyar
    Aim: The aim was to study the effectiveness of the reverse latissimus dorsi muscle flap in reconstruction of complex defects of the back. Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent reverse latissimus dorsi flap for reconstruction of the back, in a tertiary care hospital. The patient demographics, etiology, surgery indications and complications were studied. Results: The study had five patients between 2012 and 2016 who underwent reverse latissimus dorsi flap for reconstruction. The flaps survived in all the patients. Two patients had complications, unrelated to the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:76-81. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.16
    Published on: 26 May 2017  | Viewed:1926  | Downloaded:132
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A new tool to assess human fat grafts transplanted into nude mice using a nuclear magnetic resonance device

    Aviad Keren , Simon Filson , Nadia Smirnov-Shalom , Amos Gilhar , Yehuda Ullmann
    Aim: Over the past two decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the research of the use of autologous fat grafting in clinical practice. Despite the many advantages this method possesses, the unpredictable fat resorption rates limit its use. The primary aim of this study was to develop an accurate, quick, non-invasive assessment tool, using the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, which allows the injection of fat in small droplets rather than in large aliquots (the main drawback of our formerly described method) which allows assessment of fat retention in a more clinically... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:97-103. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.14
    Published on: 27 Jun 2017  | Viewed:1886  | Downloaded:67
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Management of complications of Medpor® implants in rhinoplasty

    Kapil Agrawal , Raghav Shrotriya
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:54-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.06
    Published on: 30 Mar 2017  | Viewed:1832  | Downloaded:84
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    Advances in the research of autologous fibroblast injections for aging skin

    Meng-Yao Tang , Rong Jin , Ying Zhang , Yao-Ming Shi , Bao-Shan Sun , Lu Zhang , Yu-Guang Zhang
    With the development of autologous stem cells transplantation, the application of autologous fibroblast graft has been an important therapy in defect repair. In the past decade, amounts of studies have reported favorable treatment effect and safety about the therapy. The material has the ability to produce human collagen in vivo. This article details recent scientific work of the cases, effect, injection technique, complications and safety of autologous fibroblast injection treatment. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:83-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.118
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:1773  | Downloaded:718
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery|Open Access

    Biomaterials for facial aging

    Wen-Guo Cui , Xin Zhao , Yu-Guang Zhang
    Fountain of youth has always been the dream of mortals since the ancient time. Since ages ago, mortals have always been searching for ways to stay and look young. In the new millennia, retaining a youthful appearance is no longer a dream beyond reach. The advancement in medical technology, especially in the dermatological technology, has made the dream of youth possible. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:70-1. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.5
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016  | Viewed:1702  | Downloaded:100
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  • Editorial|Open Access

    Body contouring: “less is more and don’t throw anything away”

    Raffaele Rauso
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:271-2. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.44
    Published on: 12 Aug 2016  | Viewed:1682  | Downloaded:85
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A study of correlation between prosthetic breast reconstruction, antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical wound drains

    Emanuele Rampino Cordaro , Nicola Zerbinati , Alice Garzitto , Daria Almesberger , Michela Francescon , Raffaele Rauso , Mario Cherubino , Pier Camillo Parodi
    Aim: The primary aim of this investigation into the correlation between prosthetic breast reconstruction, antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical drains was to determine whether the short-term prophylaxis recommended in the current guidelines is in fact able to sterilize the peri-prosthetic pocket in patients undergoing prosthetic breast reconstruction via tissue expansion, permanent implant placement, or Becker implants, as well as augmentation to correct symmetry. Methods: A total of 96 women who had undergone prosthetic breast reconstruction surgery were considered. Patients were recruited... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:24-31. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.52
    Published on: 28 Feb 2017  | Viewed:1665  | Downloaded:103
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Preoperative planning and breast implant selection for volume difference management in asymmetrical breasts

    Umar Daraz Khan
    Aim: To assess volume management in patients presenting with breast asymmetry and ptosis. Methods: Retrospectively collected data was analysed. The patients were divided into 3 groups. Group A included patients who had volumetric difference alone and had different size implants alone. Group B included patients who had volumetric difference with breast ptosis requiring mastopexy with different size implants. Group C included patients who presented with breast asymmetry with ptosis and had same size implants on both sides with different volume breast reduction. Results: Subgroup A1 included... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:108-15. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.36
    Published on: 19 Jul 2017  | Viewed:1635  | Downloaded:204
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Painful scar neuropathy: principles of diagnosis and treatment

    Andrea Lisa , Matteo Murolo , Luca Maione , Valeriano Vinci , Valeria Bandi , Francesco Klinger , Marco Klinger
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:68-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2015.106
    Published on: 29 Feb 2016  | Viewed:1566  | Downloaded:106
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Early muscle reinnervation by means of end-to-side neurorrhaphy in an experimental model

    Araceli Pérez , Rafael Reynoso , Rosa M. Romero , Angélica González , Jorge Ochoa , Dulce H. Gutiérrez , Damián Palafox
    Aim: The aim of the study was to provide early muscular reinnervation to avoid muscle atrophy and functional loss in an experimental model. Methods: Fifty rats were divided into five groups. In group 0 (control group) only nerve dissection was performed. Total peroneal nerve section was performed in the remaining groups. Immediate end-to-end neurorrhaphy (EEN) was made in group 1. In group 2, an end-to-side neurorrhaphy (ESN) was performed from the tibial nerve to the peroneal nerve. In group 3, a direct EEN, plus an ESN, were used as a nerve graft as a bridge from the donor nerve (tibial);... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:18-23. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.95
    Published on: 22 Feb 2017  | Viewed:1561  | Downloaded:69
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Anatomical features associated with venous congestion in DIEP flap using CT angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction

    Alejandro Ruiz-Moya , Rafael-Antonio Lopez-Garcia , Domingo Sicilia-Castro , Tomas Gomez-Cia , Pedro Infante-Cossio
    Aim: Computed tomography angiography (CTA) using three-dimensional (3D) virtual reconstruction has been increasingly used in planning deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) breast reconstruction. Although the most common complication associated with this surgery is diffuse venous congestion, its origin remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the anatomical characteristics of the anterior abdominal wall vessels that could predict venous congestion, using CTA with 3D virtual reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted and a total of 169... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:127-34. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.29
    Published on: 21 Aug 2017  | Viewed:1550  | Downloaded:51
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Medicine and new social media: the good and the bad of taking a “selfie” for skin problems

    Anna Zampetti , Dennis Linder
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:282-3. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.26
    Published on: 12 Aug 2016  | Viewed:1528  | Downloaded:72
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A novel skeletal anchorage for rigid external distractor

    Rodrigo Fariña , Felipe Salinas
    Aim: Maxillofacial surgery has always aimed to find alternative therapies to treat severe maxillary hypoplasia. Distraction osteogenesis of the midface has become the technique with the best functional and aesthetic results. Nevertheless, anchoring a distractor to the middle third of the face continues to involve complex planning. Plus, achieving the desired force vector can sometimes be cumbersome and uncomfortable. The aim of this study is to propose a novel skeletal anchorage technique for the rigid external distractor. Methods: Non-controlled, prospective study of 9 patients with severe... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:144-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.49
    Published on: 5 Sep 2017  | Viewed:1489  | Downloaded:149
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Tips and tricks for getting more out of your delayed primary repair of ruptured flexor pollicis longus tendon

    Charles Yuen Yung Loh , Alethea Tan , Makarand Tare
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:135-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.43
    Published on: 25 Aug 2017  | Viewed:1440  | Downloaded:87
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Pressures secondary to circumferential digital dressings in clay models

    Han Joon Kim , Kun Hwang
    Aim: With little manipulation, compression bandages placed circumferentially around the digit can be rolled up the digit, creating a tourniquet effect. The aim of this study was to elucidate the pressures induced by self-adherent bandages applied circumferentially around the fingers. Methods: After fabricating various clay finger models using the live finger as a model, the pressure of each self-adherent bandage was measured at the level of the proximal phalanx. Two different self-adherent bandages were applied with variables of different levels of tightness, number of wraps, and whether... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:41-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.94
    Published on: 22 Mar 2017  | Viewed:1412  | Downloaded:65
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Modified lower eyelid blepharoplasty improves aesthetic outcomes in patients with hypoplastic malar prominences

    Muhammad Adil Abbas Khan , Kanza Aziz , Ammar Asrar Javed , Mark Gorman , Diaa Othman , Muhammad Riaz
    Aim: Aging affects the appearance of the eyelids and the surrounding malar region. Blepharoplasty improves the aesthetic appearance of this region, and multiple variants of the procedure have been reported. We here report our technique for modified lower lid blepharoplasty and cheek lift for patients with hypoplastic malar regions, which was introduced after observing prominent lower orbital rims in patients with flat malar prominences after blepharoplasty. Methods: This technique combines standard canthopexy and cheek-lift for rejuvenation of the mid-face with redraping of orbital fat and... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:228-35. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.69
    Published on: 29 Dec 2017  | Viewed:1395  | Downloaded:93
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Double-paddled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap as an alternative to microvascularized free flaps in complex orocervical defects

    Manuel Moreno-Sánchez , Raúl González-García , Carlos Moreno-García
    The authors present the double-paddled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap as a successful alternative for the reconstruction of complex orocervical defects following failure of prior microvascularized free flaps or free flap harvest is not feasible. This method was used for the reconstruction of post-ablative defect in a 36-year-old male with a T4 squamous cell carcinoma of the base of tongue with laryngeal involvement. The distal paddle was adapted to reconstruct a defect of the floor of the mouth and further sutured in two layers (muscle-basal mandible and skin paddle-oral mucosa) while... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:82-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.99
    Published on: 26 May 2017  | Viewed:1394  | Downloaded:64
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Immediate iliac bone graft reconstruction of post ablative defect of benign mandibular pathology - a systematic review

    Olufemi K. Ogundipe , Olalere O. Gbolahan
    Aim: Autogenous iliac crest bone graft is frequently used in immediate reconstruction of post ablation defect of benign mandibular pathologies. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review on the complication and failure rates with this technique and factors associated with failure. Methods: The initial literature search in PubMed and Cochrane databases identified 915 articles. Result: Of these, 7 were included in the final review. The majority of the studies were retrospective in nature. These articles encompassed 127 procedures with non-vascularized iliac crest bone... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:137-43. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.41
    Published on: 29 Aug 2017  | Viewed:1294  | Downloaded:88
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Incredible surgery in India

    Giovanna Spinzo
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:221-2. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.29
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:1278  | Downloaded:55
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Complex reconstructive surgery for a recurrent ischial pressure ulcer with contralateral muscle

    Erin L. Weber , Salah Rubayi
    The management of recurrent pressure ulcers is a frequent problem in patients with spinal cord injuries. Many local muscle and fasciocutaneous flaps can be used to cover ulcers of all sizes. However, when a recurrent pressure ulcer has been repeatedly addressed, the number of available flaps becomes quite limited. Contralateral muscles, such as the gracilis, can be used to cover recurrent ischioperineal ulcers and should be employed before last resort surgeries, such as hip disarticulation and the total thigh flap. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:190-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.73
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:1111  | Downloaded:12
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Preface to special issue on “EuRePS Meeting”

    Francesca Toia
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:219. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.31
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:1081  | Downloaded:50
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  • Topic: EuRePS Meeting 2015: best five papers|Open Access

    Report on the European Residents in Plastic Surgery Meeting 2015

    Carlo Melloni
    Plast Aesthet Res 2016;3:220. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.32
    Published on: 7 Jul 2016  | Viewed:1027  | Downloaded:54
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Comment on “Multipotency and secretome: the mechanisms behind the regenerative potential of adipose-derived stem cells”

    Young-Joon Jun
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:104-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.18
    Published on: 27 Jun 2017  | Viewed:820  | Downloaded:47
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    Keloid treatment: what will be the right choice?

    You-Bin Wang
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:106-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.44
    Published on: 17 Jul 2017  | Viewed:694  | Downloaded:77
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  • Editorial|Open Access

    Towards the future of plastic surgery: from flaps to microsurgery and regenerative medicine and biofabrication?

    Raymund E. Horch , Annika Weigand , Harald Wajant , Ran An , Jia-Min Sun , Andreas Arkudas
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:185-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.72
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:688  | Downloaded:34
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  • Topic: Complex Reconstruction of the Face, Breast and Wounds with Microvascular Free Flaps|Open Access

    Proximal femur reconstruction using a vascularized fibular epiphysis within a cadaveric femoral allograft in a child with Ewing sarcoma: a case report

    Michelle Y. Seu , Allison Haley , Brian H. Cho , Hannah M. Carl , Tobias J. Bos , Aladdin H. Hassanein , Alison L. Wong , Carol D. Morris , Justin M. Sacks
    Periarticular reconstruction of appendicular bones in skeletally immature patients after tumor resection is a surgical challenge that requires a multidisciplinary approach. The authors present a case of Ewing sarcoma of the proximal femur in an 8-year old girl treated with wide resection of the primary tumor and reconstruction using a vascularized fibula epiphyseal autograft within a cadaveric femoral allograft. The native femoral head was preserved to restore articular anatomy. Postoperative course was without complications. This report demonstrates the use of a vascularized fibula... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:209-14. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.47
    Published on: 30 Nov 2017  | Viewed:686  | Downloaded:17
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  • Topic: Applications of Biomaterials in Plastic and Reconstructive Research|Open Access

    Hyaluronic acid: a versatile biomaterial in tissue engineering

    Zhu Zhu , Yin-Min Wang , Jun Yang , Xu-Song Luo
    The design and application of hyaluronic acid (HA)-based scaffolds to control cell response and construct ideal tissue engineering products have been of great interest in the past few decades. This review provides an overview of the biological properties of HA to better understand how to engineer a cell-scaffold composite that is qualified in tissue engineering; important tissue engineering applications of HA including cartilage tissue engineering; and lastly, the problems of the current research on HA. All the data described above were collected and analyzed from PubMed, EMBASE and Medline. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:219-27. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.71
    Published on: 29 Dec 2017  | Viewed:677  | Downloaded:41
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    The labio-mandibular flap for upper lip and peri-commissural defects

    Ruben Yap Kannan , Charles Nduka
    Aim: Peri-commisural defect reconstruction using the Abbe or Estlander flaps tend to pilfer tissue from the lower lip, contributing to microstomia, with its attendant problems. In this study, we aim to design a flap for more superficial defects, in which the underlying orbicularis oris muscle can be preserved when resecting peri-commisural skin malignancies whilst also ensuring completeness of excision. Methods: In a retrospective case review of 7 cases at our institution over a 12-month period (2016-2017), we conceptually designed a perforator-plus fascio-cutaneous flap from within the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2018;5:4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2018.02
    Published on: 31 Jan 2018  | Viewed:532  | Downloaded:19
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Teen aesthetic surgery may eliminate bullying

    Dustin Derrick , Lauren Crawford , Jim Sheridan , Randy Buckspan , Alexis Delgado , Sebastian Gualy , Diana Vo , Markos Salisbury , Robert A. Ersek
    The media has a large influence on what constitutes modern day beauty, as it suggests to susceptible young girls and boys what makes someone beautiful. The term “beautiful” is portrayed as curvy, thin, tall, with voluptuous hair, big eyes, large breasts, round buttocks, and full lips. Very few people in society naturally appear like this, and thus many people undergo cosmetic surgery for this desired look. This article will examine the difference of opinions regarding the exact age to consider aesthetic plastic surgery. Adolescence is frequently bullied about any defect. The authors discuss... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:178-84. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.64
    Published on: 26 Oct 2017  | Viewed:521  | Downloaded:39
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  • Topic: Complex Reconstruction of the Face, Breast and Wounds with Microvascular Free Flaps|Open Access

    Current applications of propeller flaps in reconstruction of trunk wounds

    Shawn Moshrefi , Gordon K. Lee
    Aim: Propeller flaps provide excellent reconstructive options for defects of many etiologies. Trunk wounds are a commonly encountered issue for the plastic surgeon and multiple techniques to address them should be prepared for implementation. Propeller flaps are a subject rarely brought up as an option to address these wounds. The authors sought to elucidate this topic in the current plastic surgery literature available. Methods: A PubMed search was conducted based upon the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria and publications reviewed in detail. Search terms included "trunk wound... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:204-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.33
    Published on: 30 Nov 2017  | Viewed:481  | Downloaded:24
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Degree and location of metacarpal angulations

    Laxminarayan Bhandari , Cynthia Sathekga , Francisco Aguilar , Luis Vicentela , Elkin Galvis
    Aim: Fractures of metacarpals are commonly encountered in hand surgery. For adequate fixation, a thorough knowledge about the anatomy is essential. While fixing the metacarpals with plates and screws, plates are bent to contour the dorsal surface. However, there are no reference values in literature for the location and degree of angulation. The authors studied the dorsal surface of metacarpals in cadavers to gather data regarding the location and degree of angulation of the dorsal cortex. Methods: Cadaveric dissections of 118 metacarpals from 30 hands were performed. A true lateral view of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:174-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.65
    Published on: 20 Oct 2017  | Viewed:479  | Downloaded:19
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  • Topic: Hair transplantation|Open Access

    The distribution of hair in Han Chinese

    Zhen-He Guo , Guan Wang , Yong Miao , Zhe-Xiang Fan , Xiao-Min Liu , Qian Qu , Ke Ye , De-Cong Zhu , Zhi-Qi Hu
    Aim: To explore the characteristics of normal hair distribution in Han Chinese. Methods: A total of 146 healthy Han Chinese and 41 patients with androgenetic alopecia (AGA) were selected as research subjects. Digital photographs of the vertex, temporal, and occipital regions were taken after their hair was trimmed. An image analysis software was used to compute the number of follicular units (FUs) and hairs. Results: The mean FU density of the 146 healthy Han Chinese was 74.36 ± 13.33 units/cm2 and their mean hair density was 143.33 ± 28.08 hairs/cm2. There was no significant difference... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:150-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.52
    Published on: 28 Sep 2017  | Viewed:477  | Downloaded:17
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Comparison of breast reconstruction using ipsilateral and contralateral pedicle transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps

    Ramesh Omranipour , Sima Mashayekhi , Mahtab Vasigh , Sadaf Alipour , Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh
    Aim: Breast reconstruction has several beneficial effects on psychosocial well-being and quality of life. The ultimate goal has always been to create the most natural breast mound. Thus in many centers, the unilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap remains the most common technique for breast reconstruction. Our objective was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of ipsilateral and contralateral pedicle TRAM flaps. Methods: The total of 110 patients underwent unilateral breast reconstruction with pedicle TRAM flap at Cancer Institute of Tehran University of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:155-60. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.55
    Published on: 29 Sep 2017  | Viewed:461  | Downloaded:21
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Transpalpebral eyebrow lift: the mini eyebrow lift

    Marcos Sforza , Renato Zaccheddu , Deborah Sforza
    Aim: This paper focus is to describe and evaluate the authors' personal technique for a simplified transpalpebral eyebrow lift. Methods: We performed surgery in 179 patients (95% females and 5% males) between years of 2008 and 2009. Initially, a thorough assessment of brow stability and symmetry was performed. To achieve desirable aesthetic we agreed upon the consensus that the eyebrow lateral third should be 0.3 to 1 cm above the supraorbital rim in women and just above or at supraorbital rim in men. Hence the surgery consisted of the removal of excess skin, treatment for bags if they were... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2018;5:2. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.35
    Published on: 29 Jan 2018  | Viewed:450  | Downloaded:22
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Larger breast implants warranted for post-mastectomy reconstruction

    Ashley L. Howarth , Abigail M. Rodriguez , Vipul Gargya , Heather D. Lucas , Raman C. Mahabir
    Aim: Our goal was to ascertain if there was a role for larger breast implants in breast reconstruction. Methods: Patients that underwent mastectomy and implant-based breast reconstruction were identified and reviewed. Results: Of the total specimens, 92 (14.7%) weighed more than 800 g with a mean weight of 1140 g (range 803 to 2177 g). Of the patients with these larger specimens, 45 (48.9%) selected the largest available implants (800 mL implants) for their reconstruction. Conclusion: There are patients undergoing mastectomy and implant-based breast reconstruction who are unable to have... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:215-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.80
    Published on: 29 Dec 2017  | Viewed:407  | Downloaded:20
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  • Topic: Complex Reconstruction of the Face, Breast and Wounds with Microvascular Free Flaps|Open Access

    Microsurgical restoration of failed or unsatisfactory breast reconstruction: a systematic review and pooled-analysis of outcomes

    Bassim EL-Sabawi , Anna C. Howell , Ketan M. Patel
    Aim: Autologous tissue transfer to salvage breast reconstruction following a previously failed or unsatisfactory reconstruction has been described by previous studies to be an effective strategy to optimize outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review is to assimilate the relevant literature to evaluate surgical and aesthetic outcomes following autologous breast reconstruction in the setting of a prior unsuccessful reconstruction. Methods: A systematic review of the English literature was performed on Pubmed/MEDLINE to identify all manuscripts reporting surgical outcomes, aesthetic... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:195-203. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.20
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:398  | Downloaded:6
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  • Review|Open Access

    Complex reconstruction of the lower extremity following sarcoma resection: a literature review

    Beina Azadgoli , Antoine L. Carre , David P. Perrault , Alex K. Wong
    While amputation was traditionally the only option available for patients with sarcomas of the extremities, chemotherapy, radiation, and advances in microsurgical technique have allowed many patients to undergo limb-salvaging procedures. Given the low incidence and heterogeneity of these tumors, there is currently no standard treatment algorithm for limb reconstruction after large sarcoma resection. Thus, we systematically reviewed the various types of free tissue transfer used for the reconstruction of lower limbs after sarcoma resection. Techniques were described based on anatomic... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Complex Reconstruction of the Face, Breast and Wounds with Microvascular Free Flaps
    Plast Aesthet Res 2018;5:3. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.32
    Published on: 29 Jan 2018  | Viewed:319  | Downloaded:7
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Management of the recalcitrant upper lip

    Al Haitham Al Shetawi , Rui Fernandes
    The aim of this study was to present our experience in the management of the recalcitrant upper lip and describe the surgical technique. We took a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent reconstruction of the recalcitrant upper lip after maxillectomy and radiation therapy. Three female patients were identified. All patients had a history of malignant maxillary tumors, mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n = 1), verrucous carcinoma (n = 1), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1). Tumor extirpation was carried out through total maxillectomy (n = 2), and bilateral subtotal maxillectomy (n =... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2018;5:1. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.61
    Published on: 29 Jan 2018  | Viewed:308  | Downloaded:13
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Plastic and Aesthetic Research Print ISSN: 2347-9264; Online ISSN: 2349-6150
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