Most Viewed: Last TWO YEARS
  • Commentary

    Comment on “Breast cancer-related lymphedema: quality of life after lymph node transfer”

    Azra Ashraf
    Published on: 30 Sep 2016
    Views: 129912
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  • Topic: Current Concepts in Wound Healing

    Current concepts in the physiology of adult wound healing

    Friji Meethale Thiruvoth , Devi Prasad Mohapatra , Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar , Ravi Kumar Chittoria , Vijayaraghavan Nandhagopal
    Wound healing requires a complex interaction and coordination of different cells and molecules. Any alteration in these highly coordinated events can lead to either delayed or excessive healing. This review provides an overview of adult wound healing physiology. A review of the literature focused on wound healing physiology and current advances in wound healing was conducted using the online MEDLINE/PubMed database. The aim of this review was to inspire further investigation into wound healing physiology that will ultimately translate into improved patient care.
    Published on: 15 Sep 2015
    Views: 44095
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  • Original Article

    Medially based de-epithelialized flap for nasal base narrowing and nostril sill augmentation in a cleft lip nasal deformity

    Kun Hwang , Jong Hwan Choi , Hun Kim , Dae Joong Kim
    Aim: The authors observed the nostril floor in a gross cadaver specimen histologically and innovated a medially based de-epithelialized flap for nasal base narrowing and nostril sill augmentation. Methods: In cadaver, fully thick section was taken from the nostril sill at the midpoint of the columella base and ala base, and stained with Masson-Trichrome. In eight patients, circumferential incision along the nostril sill and alar base freed the alar base from the upper lip. At the columellar base, fresh epithelium was shaved on the medial side of the incision line. The widened scar on the...
    Published on: 20 Sep 2016
    Views: 36133
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  • Case Report

    Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip/palate syndrome: a rare entity

    Samrat Sabhlok , Sobhan Mishra , Ramanupam Tripathy , Deepthi Mony
    Ectrodactyly-ectodermic dysplasia-cleft lip/palate (EEC) syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of inherited origin and varying clinical features. This syndrome has three main symptoms, which display variable expression and penetrance. The management of this syndrome is challenging, with few reports in the medical literature. We present a case of a 22-year-old boy with EEC syndrome and offer insight into current knowledge about this syndrome.
    Published on: 15 Sep 2015
    Views: 28443
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Elective neck dissection in early oral squamous cell carcinoma: necessary?

    Carlos Moreno-García
    Aim: The indication of neck dissection in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a problem of risk-benefit evaluation between probability of neck metastases, the problem of complications associated with neck dissection and the prognostic influence of delayed diagnosis of metastasis during follow-up. There is no consensus on the elective treatment of the neck in early oral cancer patients with a clinically N0 (cN0) neck. Methods: The author performed a search of PubMed articles with the words "elective neck dissection vs. observation", "node negative neck" and "early stage oral squamous cell...
    Published on: 25 May 2016
    Views: 25797
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery

    Intradermal fillers for minimally invasive treatment of facial aging

    Zhi Yuan (William) Lin , Vishva Shah , Arvind Dhinakar , Lara Yildirimer , Wen-Guo Cui , Xin Zhao
    The ever-increasing interest in retaining a youthful physical appearance has facilitated the development of various minimally invasive dermatological techniques. The use of intradermal fillers can be incorporated into dermatological practices with minimal overhead costs. This strategy addresses facial volume loss and dynamic lines, which are the main features of facial aging. Moreover, intradermal fillers provide an array of flexible treatment options for a balanced and holistic result to dermatological practitioners. This paper reviews the different intradermal fillers categorized by...
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016
    Views: 17890
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  • Review

    How we do it: the Running-X suture technique

    Nathaniel L. Villanueva , Kyle Sanniec , Ronald Mancini
    There are a myriad of suture techniques available to close incisions of the brow and forehead, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. The ideal suture technique would provide excellent cosmetic results, offer expedient wound closure, optimize skin eversion and wound edge apposition, and provide excellent cosmetic results. The authors describe a new suture technique, the Running-X suture, a running horizontal mattress suture that has successfully been used by the senior author for many years to re-approximate surgical wounds of the brow and forehead in an expeditious and aesthetic...
    Published on: 14 Jul 2016
    Views: 16423
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  • Editorial

    Lift of cheek and neck: technical notes

    Maurice Yves Mommaerts
    Published on: 12 Nov 2015
    Views: 14173
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  • Topic: Current Concepts in Wound Healing

    Assessment of the histological state of the healing wound

    Akriti Gupta , Pramod Kumar
    The dynamic process of wound healing has various phases, and the knowledge of which is essential for identification of the pathology involved in a chronic intractable wound. Various instruments for the assessment of wound healing have been described, primarily for clinical assessment of the wound. However, very few instruments are currently available for histological grading of the wound. The aim of this article is to review all available literature from 1993 to 2014 on the objective histological scoring of the state of wound healing. This review article emphasizes the importance of...
    Published on: 15 Sep 2015
    Views: 10648
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Current role in facial allograft transplantation: what have we learned?

    Pedro Infante-Cossio , Fernando Barrera-Pulido , Tomas Gomez-Cia , Domingo Sicilia-Castro , Alberto Garcia-Perla-Garcia , Purificacion Gacto-Sanchez , Jose-Maria Hernandez-Guisado , Araceli Lagares-Borrego , Rocio Narros-Gimenez , Juan-David Gonzalez-Padilla
    Face transplant (FT) has evolved enormously in the last 10 years since the successful completion of the first facial transplant. This procedure has become a new reconstructive option for complex facial deformities to restore the anatomy of patients with severely disfigured faces. The authors review the literature and discuss the main surgical, immunological, and ethical aspects as well as the results described in patients undergoing FT. To date there have been more than thirty FT worldwide. The main indication was post-traumatic deformity. In all cases a standard immunosuppression was...
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016
    Views: 9496
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  • Original Article

    Full retroauricular skin and fascia expansion in microtia reconstruction: a single center experience of 166 cases

    Ji-Hua Wang , Ting Tang , Yong-Jing He , Ying-Jia Zhang , Yun Yang
    Aim: Ear reconstruction is a challenge for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. The ear requires sufficient skin coverage and a three-dimensional (3D) cartilage framework. In this paper, the authors present their 10-year experience in microtia reconstruction using tissue expansion and an autogenous rib cartilage framework. Methods: Ear reconstruction was performed in 3 operative stages. During the first procedure, a 50-80 mL kidney or cylinder-shaped expander was implanted deep to the subcutaneous fascia of the retroauricular mastoid region. Over a period of 3-5 months, the expander was...
    Published on: 30 Nov 2016
    Views: 9372
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  • Topic: Biomaterials for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery

    Collagen membrane for reconstruction of soft tissue defects after surgery of oral cancer and precancer: a brief review

    Ankita Vastani , Nishant Chourasia , Vedant Pahlajani , Suryakant Choubey
    There are some surgeries after which a temporary cover for raw wounds is required to ensure healing. Some of those circumstances are loss of tissue due to burns, trauma, amputation, chronic ulcer, leprosy, and skin graft sites. Although the body initiates regeneration mechanisms, however the time taken for complete healing of wounds is unpredictable. Also, there is a tendency for long standing wounds to undergo infection and scarring. Oral mucosa is no exception to scarring and infection of wounds and there has always been a search for new materials that can be used for coverage of oral...
    Published on: 23 Mar 2016
    Views: 9048
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  • Topic: Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast

    Cleavage classification: categorizing a vital feminine aesthetic landmark

    Muhammad Adil Abbas Khan , Ammar Asrar Javed , Nigel Mercer
    Breast cleavage is defined by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA), as the space present between a woman’s breasts. The width of the inter-mammary cleft is defined by the distance between the points of attachment of the breast tissue to the periosteal tissue.
    Published on: 15 Jan 2016
    Views: 8929
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  • Case Report

    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the head and neck region

    Samrat S. Sabhalok , Lakshmi S. Shetty , Pallavi H. Sarve , Sneha V. Setiya , Swati R. Bharadwaj
    Epidermoid cysts, dermoid cysts and teratoid cysts are cystic malformations lined with squamous epithelium. They present as soft nodular lesions with a sessile base. Their prevalence is 7% in head and neck patients and 1.6% within the oral cavity. The authors present a case series of 21 patients with dermoid and epidermoid cysts who underwent surgical removal. One year of follow-up was carried out without evidence of recurrence. The removal of these cysts is of great concern as it can cause serious social stigma, aesthetic and functional impairment, dysphagia and dysphonia.
    Published on: 4 Nov 2016
    Views: 8916
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  • Review

    Nasal dorsal aesthetic lines and rhinoplasty technical tricks

    Alexander Kutubidze
    Rhinoplasty surgery remains one of the most difficult operations of the face. Improving aesthetic appearance and maintaining nasal function are inseparable goals in rhinoplasty surgery, and failure to achieve either of these objectives can be devastating for the patient. After evaluating a variety of rhinoplasty complications, increased attention was devoted to the surgical technique for reconstruction of the dorsal aesthetic lines and nasal tip projection in the patient with a prominent dorsal hump. Based on the modern concept of cartilage conservation, the autospreader flap rotation...
    Published on: 12 Nov 2015
    Views: 8870
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  • Original Article

    Morphometry of subcutaneous fat lobules of the abdomen and its implication in obesity

    Arvind K. Pandey , Pramod Kumar , Kodavoor Shrinivas Aithal , Rama Kotian Sushma , Antony Sylvan D’Souza
    Aim: The subcutaneous fat in the lower abdomen (LA) is more resistant to resorption as compared to the upper abdomen (UA). Males and females have variability in fat deposition and resorption in the abdominal region. Hence, there could be a difference in morphology of fat cells of these regions. The present study aims to identify the differences in morphology of subcutaneous fat lobules of upper and LA. Methods: Subcutaneous fat samples were collected from upper and LA of 40 cadavers (33 males and 7 females). The shape, the arrangement, and the color of superficial and deep subcutaneous fat...
    Published on: 15 Sep 2015
    Views: 8412
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  • Original Article

    The temporal endoscopic midface lift - centrofacial rejuvenation without facial scars

    Thomas Haffner
    Aim: The author describes a new endoscopic midface lifting technique using solely temporal access and evaluates its advantages and perspectives. Methods: This is a single-surgeon case study. Through a short temporal incision, dissection is performed along a single plane connecting the superficial surfaces of both the facial and temporal superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) layers. Subsequent midface dissection divides the malar fat pad into the deeper and superficial parts. A new concept of a combination high malar SMAS lift and internal skin flap anchorage that provides long-term...
    Published on: 31 Oct 2016
    Views: 7937
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    State of the art in the management of oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Raúl González-García
    The present editorial is an introductory paper to a special issue composed of eleven manuscripts focusing on particular aspects about the state of the art in OSCC under the light of current knowledge. While strict criteria for systematic reviewing concerning Cochrane database recommendations have not been followed due to the heterogeneity of the revised series, an effort has been made to selectively approach particular aspects of OSCC management, while selecting the most prominent series within the last 15 years. Some of the incoming works have made a special effort in trying to include and...
    Published on: 25 May 2016
    Views: 7671
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  • Topic: Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast

    Internal bra: a unifying solution for reconstructive and aesthetic breast surgery issues

    Richard A. Baxter
    The internal bra is a concept utilizing implantable materials for long term maintenance of support and shape of the breast with mastopexy and in revision breast surgery. This article reviews the various materials used for the internal bra including Acellular Dermal Matrices, non-absorbable meshes, and newer bio-inductive products such as Seri silk scaffold and Galaflex.
    Published on: 15 Jan 2016
    Views: 6476
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  • Topic: State of the Art in the Management of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Current prognosis and quality of life following surgical treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

    Cristina Hernández-Vila
    Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world with a close relation with some risk factor like, tobacco, alcohol consumption and more recently, with human papilloma virus infection. A review of the literature about actual prognosis and quality of life in HNSCC has been done analysing the results of surgical treatment and their impact on the quality of life of patients. Despite the elevated incidence of HNSCC, the survival rate has increased considerably over the last years thanks to the development of new surgical techniques, such as,...
    Published on: 24 Jun 2016
    Views: 5951
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