Latest
  • Editorial|Open Access

    Towards the future of plastic surgery: from flaps to microsurgery and regenerative medicine and biofabrication?

    Raymund E. Horch , Annika Weigand , Harald Wajant , Ran An , Jia-Min Sun , Andreas Arkudas
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:185-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.72
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:329  | Downloaded:16
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Complex reconstructive surgery for a recurrent ischial pressure ulcer with contralateral muscle

    Erin L. Weber , Salah Rubayi
    The management of recurrent pressure ulcers is a frequent problem in patients with spinal cord injuries. Many local muscle and fasciocutaneous flaps can be used to cover ulcers of all sizes. However, when a recurrent pressure ulcer has been repeatedly addressed, the number of available flaps becomes quite limited. Contralateral muscles, such as the gracilis, can be used to cover recurrent ischioperineal ulcers and should be employed before last resort surgeries, such as hip disarticulation and the total thigh flap. Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:190-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.73
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:316  | Downloaded:5
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  • Topic: Complex Reconstruction of the Face, Breast and Wounds with Microvascular Free Flaps|Open Access

    Microsurgical restoration of failed or unsatisfactory breast reconstruction: a systematic review and pooled-analysis of outcomes

    Bassim EL-Sabawi , Anna C. Howell , Ketan M. Patel
    Aim: Autologous tissue transfer to salvage breast reconstruction following a previously failed or unsatisfactory reconstruction has been described by previous studies to be an effective strategy to optimize outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review is to assimilate the relevant literature to evaluate surgical and aesthetic outcomes following autologous breast reconstruction in the setting of a prior unsuccessful reconstruction. Methods: A systematic review of the English literature was performed on Pubmed/MEDLINE to identify all manuscripts reporting surgical outcomes, aesthetic... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:195-203. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.20
    Published on: 31 Oct 2017  | Viewed:185  | Downloaded:3
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Teen aesthetic surgery may eliminate bullying

    Dustin Derrick , Lauren Crawford , Jim Sheridan , Randy Buckspan , Alexis Delgado , Sebastian Gualy , Diana Vo , Markos Salisbury , Robert A. Ersek
    The media has a large influence on what constitutes modern day beauty, as it suggests to susceptible young girls and boys what makes someone beautiful. The term “beautiful” is portrayed as curvy, thin, tall, with voluptuous hair, big eyes, large breasts, round buttocks, and full lips. Very few people in society naturally appear like this, and thus many people undergo cosmetic surgery for this desired look. This article will examine the difference of opinions regarding the exact age to consider aesthetic plastic surgery. Adolescence is frequently bullied about any defect. The authors discuss... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:178-84. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.64
    Published on: 26 Oct 2017  | Viewed:255  | Downloaded:10
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Degree and location of metacarpal angulations

    Laxminarayan Bhandari , Cynthia Sathekga , Francisco Aguilar , Luis Vicentela , Elkin Galvis
    Aim: Fractures of metacarpals are commonly encountered in hand surgery. For adequate fixation, a thorough knowledge about the anatomy is essential. While fixing the metacarpals with plates and screws, plates are bent to contour the dorsal surface. However, there are no reference values in literature for the location and degree of angulation. The authors studied the dorsal surface of metacarpals in cadavers to gather data regarding the location and degree of angulation of the dorsal cortex. Methods: Cadaveric dissections of 118 metacarpals from 30 hands were performed. A true lateral view of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:174-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.65
    Published on: 20 Oct 2017  | Viewed:249  | Downloaded:9
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  • Topic: Hair transplantation|Open Access

    Controlled clinical trial for evaluation of hair growth with low dose cyclical nutrition therapy in men and women without the use of finasteride

    Rajendrasingh Jalamsingh Rajput
    Aim: To evaluate possible results with the stimulation use of minoxidil and the strengthening of hair roots with nutritional cyclical supplements, resulting in increased hair regrowth, without the use of anti androgens and enzyme blockers. Methods: This prospective controlled clinical trial compares the current acknowledged form of treatment for hair loss within two controlled groups for both men and women against the use of cyclical nutritional therapy and minoxidil 2%. One hundred patients in each of the 4 groups, a total of 400 patients, were followed for 1 year. The progress was... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:161-73. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.57
    Published on: 30 Sep 2017  | Viewed:1445  | Downloaded:38
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Comparison of breast reconstruction using ipsilateral and contralateral pedicle transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps

    Ramesh Omranipour , Sima Mashayekhi , Mahtab Vasigh , Sadaf Alipour , Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh
    Aim: Breast reconstruction has several beneficial effects on psychosocial well-being and quality of life. The ultimate goal has always been to create the most natural breast mound. Thus in many centers, the unilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap remains the most common technique for breast reconstruction. Our objective was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of ipsilateral and contralateral pedicle TRAM flaps. Methods: The total of 110 patients underwent unilateral breast reconstruction with pedicle TRAM flap at Cancer Institute of Tehran University of... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:155-60. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.55
    Published on: 29 Sep 2017  | Viewed:255  | Downloaded:11
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  • Topic: Hair transplantation|Open Access

    The distribution of hair in Han Chinese

    Zhen-He Guo , Guan Wang , Yong Miao , Zhe-Xiang Fan , Xiao-Min Liu , Qian Qu , Ke Ye , De-Cong Zhu , Zhi-Qi Hu
    Aim: To explore the characteristics of normal hair distribution in Han Chinese. Methods: A total of 146 healthy Han Chinese and 41 patients with androgenetic alopecia (AGA) were selected as research subjects. Digital photographs of the vertex, temporal, and occipital regions were taken after their hair was trimmed. An image analysis software was used to compute the number of follicular units (FUs) and hairs. Results: The mean FU density of the 146 healthy Han Chinese was 74.36 ± 13.33 units/cm2 and their mean hair density was 143.33 ± 28.08 hairs/cm2. There was no significant difference... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:150-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.52
    Published on: 28 Sep 2017  | Viewed:293  | Downloaded:12
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A novel skeletal anchorage for rigid external distractor

    Rodrigo Fariña , Felipe Salinas
    Aim: Maxillofacial surgery has always aimed to find alternative therapies to treat severe maxillary hypoplasia. Distraction osteogenesis of the midface has become the technique with the best functional and aesthetic results. Nevertheless, anchoring a distractor to the middle third of the face continues to involve complex planning. Plus, achieving the desired force vector can sometimes be cumbersome and uncomfortable. The aim of this study is to propose a novel skeletal anchorage technique for the rigid external distractor. Methods: Non-controlled, prospective study of 9 patients with severe... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:144-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.49
    Published on: 5 Sep 2017  | Viewed:879  | Downloaded:138
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Immediate iliac bone graft reconstruction of post ablative defect of benign mandibular pathology - a systematic review

    Olufemi K. Ogundipe , Olalere O. Gbolahan
    Aim: Autogenous iliac crest bone graft is frequently used in immediate reconstruction of post ablation defect of benign mandibular pathologies. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review on the complication and failure rates with this technique and factors associated with failure. Methods: The initial literature search in PubMed and Cochrane databases identified 915 articles. Result: Of these, 7 were included in the final review. The majority of the studies were retrospective in nature. These articles encompassed 127 procedures with non-vascularized iliac crest bone... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:137-43. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.41
    Published on: 29 Aug 2017  | Viewed:990  | Downloaded:77
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Tips and tricks for getting more out of your delayed primary repair of ruptured flexor pollicis longus tendon

    Charles Yuen Yung Loh , Alethea Tan , Makarand Tare
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:135-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.43
    Published on: 25 Aug 2017  | Viewed:618  | Downloaded:67
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Anatomical features associated with venous congestion in DIEP flap using CT angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction

    Alejandro Ruiz-Moya , Rafael-Antonio Lopez-Garcia , Domingo Sicilia-Castro , Tomas Gomez-Cia , Pedro Infante-Cossio
    Aim: Computed tomography angiography (CTA) using three-dimensional (3D) virtual reconstruction has been increasingly used in planning deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) breast reconstruction. Although the most common complication associated with this surgery is diffuse venous congestion, its origin remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the anatomical characteristics of the anterior abdominal wall vessels that could predict venous congestion, using CTA with 3D virtual reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted and a total of 169... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:127-34. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.29
    Published on: 21 Aug 2017  | Viewed:1023  | Downloaded:40
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    The radiation therapy in keloids treatment: a comprehensive review of pathomechanism, damage mechanisms and cellular response

    Jing Xu , Elan Yang , Nan-Ze Yu , You-Bin Wang , Xiao Long
    Keloid management has always been frustrating and challenging. The combination therapy of surgical excision and radiation therapy was deemed as the last resort for decades. The authors performed a thorough and comprehensive review over the mechanisms on how radiation therapy damages the keloid cells. The keloid cells’ cellular response towards damage induced by irradiation was also studied based on original and current literatures. Mechanisms of damage generated by radiation therapy on keloid cells remained partially understood. However, direct damage was identified playing dominant role,... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:116-26. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.24
    Published on: 28 Jul 2017  | Viewed:1964  | Downloaded:127
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Preoperative planning and breast implant selection for volume difference management in asymmetrical breasts

    Umar Daraz Khan
    Aim: To assess volume management in patients presenting with breast asymmetry and ptosis. Methods: Retrospectively collected data was analysed. The patients were divided into 3 groups. Group A included patients who had volumetric difference alone and had different size implants alone. Group B included patients who had volumetric difference with breast ptosis requiring mastopexy with different size implants. Group C included patients who presented with breast asymmetry with ptosis and had same size implants on both sides with different volume breast reduction. Results: Subgroup A1 included... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:108-15. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.36
    Published on: 19 Jul 2017  | Viewed:1435  | Downloaded:155
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    Keloid treatment: what will be the right choice?

    You-Bin Wang
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:106-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.44
    Published on: 17 Jul 2017  | Viewed:560  | Downloaded:67
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A new tool to assess human fat grafts transplanted into nude mice using a nuclear magnetic resonance device

    Aviad Keren , Simon Filson , Nadia Smirnov-Shalom , Amos Gilhar , Yehuda Ullmann
    Aim: Over the past two decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the research of the use of autologous fat grafting in clinical practice. Despite the many advantages this method possesses, the unpredictable fat resorption rates limit its use. The primary aim of this study was to develop an accurate, quick, non-invasive assessment tool, using the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, which allows the injection of fat in small droplets rather than in large aliquots (the main drawback of our formerly described method) which allows assessment of fat retention in a more clinically... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:97-103. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.14
    Published on: 27 Jun 2017  | Viewed:1472  | Downloaded:59
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Comment on “Multipotency and secretome: the mechanisms behind the regenerative potential of adipose-derived stem cells”

    Young-Joon Jun
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:104-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.18
    Published on: 27 Jun 2017  | Viewed:675  | Downloaded:38
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  • Topic: Keloid and its Treatment|Open Access

    Inflatable pressure garment device for pressure therapy after chest wall keloid operation and radiotherapy

    Shu Liu , Ke-Xin Song , You-Bin Wang
    Aim: Keloids often occur on the chest wall, with high recurrence rates despite surgery and radiotherapy. Garment pressure therapy is commonly used to treat hypertrophic scars and keloids. Irregularity of the chest wall surface can inhibit the effects of the garment pressure therapy. This clinical study is to determine the effect of inflatable pressure garment in preventing keloid recurrence after keloid operation and radiotherapy. Methods: Chest wall keloid was removed and radiotherapy was administered at the surgical sites on the 1st and 7th postoperative days in 61 patients. An inflatable... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:92-6. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.26
    Published on: 16 Jun 2017  | Viewed:2084  | Downloaded:70
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Reverse latissimus dorsi muscle flap for complex back defects: our experience

    Kumaraswamy Mohan Kumar , Shantha Kumar Shivalingappa , Veena Prabhakar Waiker , Udaya Shankar Odeyar
    Aim: The aim was to study the effectiveness of the reverse latissimus dorsi muscle flap in reconstruction of complex defects of the back. Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent reverse latissimus dorsi flap for reconstruction of the back, in a tertiary care hospital. The patient demographics, etiology, surgery indications and complications were studied. Results: The study had five patients between 2012 and 2016 who underwent reverse latissimus dorsi flap for reconstruction. The flaps survived in all the patients. Two patients had complications, unrelated to the... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:76-81. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2017.16
    Published on: 26 May 2017  | Viewed:1370  | Downloaded:124
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Double-paddled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap as an alternative to microvascularized free flaps in complex orocervical defects

    Manuel Moreno-Sánchez , Raúl González-García , Carlos Moreno-García
    The authors present the double-paddled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap as a successful alternative for the reconstruction of complex orocervical defects following failure of prior microvascularized free flaps or free flap harvest is not feasible. This method was used for the reconstruction of post-ablative defect in a 36-year-old male with a T4 squamous cell carcinoma of the base of tongue with laryngeal involvement. The distal paddle was adapted to reconstruct a defect of the floor of the mouth and further sutured in two layers (muscle-basal mandible and skin paddle-oral mucosa) while... Read more
    Plast Aesthet Res 2017;4:82-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-9264.2016.99
    Published on: 26 May 2017  | Viewed:1028  | Downloaded:55
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Plastic and Aesthetic Research Print ISSN: 2347-9264; Online ISSN: 2349-6150
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